Technical Diagrams

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Below are diagrams illustrating some of the terms described in the 'Terminology' section.

Cartridge case rims

Headspace

Primer types:

Berdan

Boxer

Rimfire

Rifle cartridge

Shotgun cartridge

Muzzle-loading rifles and actions:

Flintlock

Matchlock

Wheel-lock

Percussion lock

Martini action

Mauser '98 action

Clay pigeon shooting layouts:

Skeet

Down-the-Line (DTL)

 

Cartridge case rims:

Case Rims

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Diagram showing headspace and various rimmed cartridges

Headspace in Cartridges

 

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Primer types :

Berdan primer

Berdan Primer

 

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Boxer primer

Note the different position of the anvil and flash holes. Berdan primed cartridges are not easily reloadable, whereas Boxer primed cartridges are.

 

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Rimfire primed cartridge

Rimfire Primed

The priming composition is an integral part of the cartridge - and as such it is not practical to reload.

 

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Rifle Cartridge

Rifle Cartridge

 

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Shotgun cartridge

Shotgun Cartridge

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Muzzle-loading rifles and actions

Flintlock action

Flintlock Muzzle Loading Rifle

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Matchlock action

Matchlock Action

 

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Wheel-lock action

Wheel Lock Action

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Percussion lock action

Percussion Lock Action

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Martini action

Martini Action

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Mauser '98 action

Mauser Action

This is an example of a forward-locking rifle. In a forward-locking rifle the locking lugs are at the front end of the bolt, locking into recesses in the action. There is additionally a third lug at the rear of the bolt.

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Clay pigeon shooting layouts:

Skeet

Skeet Layout

The two towers are 40 yards apart. Points 1 - 7 represent the shooting stations.

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Down-the-Line (DTL)

DTL Layout

Points 1 - 5 represent the positions that the shooter stands at, 3 yards apart. The trap is 16 yards from the shooter.

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